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Catalogue > Native Seed > Native Prairie Grasses > Virginia Wild Rye (Elymus virginicus) 8095

Virginia Wild Rye (Elymus virginicus) 8095

$26.15

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This cool season bunching type woodland grass is native to the entire southern half of Canada. Virginia Wild Rye makes an excellent forage grass and it is particularly suited to moist soils along streams, ponds, margins of wetlands and riparian areas and at the borders of woodlands. While it is partially shade tolerant, Virginia Wild Rye is equally at home in both woodlands and open grasslands. Its seed is browsed by many song and game birds while the foliage is browsed by deer. A short lived perennial that grows between 90-120 cm (3-4') in height. Hardy to Zone 3. 150 seed/gram

  • 250g $26.15


 

Item
* Quantity:
8095
Many native grasses do best when planted in the fall, between Oct. 15th and Nov. 15th. Late fall sowings additionally stratify any seed that may be dormant. Virginia Wild Rye can also be successfully sown in spring. Keep in mind that should ideal growing conditions not occur, the seed may go dormant and not germinate until the spring the following year.

Managing Native Grasses and Wildflowers

Many native plants will not bloom until the second year of growth when grown from seed. Avoid the use of supplemental fertilizer as this encourages weeds at the expense of the native plants. During the establishment year, native species plantings should be watered when dictated by the weather. The following year’s growth adapts easily to local climate and soil conditions needing only what nature provides. Mow to 20 cm (8") height at least once through the first year of growth should aggressive weeds threaten to take over the planting and again after the fall frosts have reduced annual foliage. Consider a controlled burn of prairie species where municipal laws permit. The encroachment of woody or non-prairie vegetation is curtailed by fire allowing the prairie community to thrive.
High Summer
Perennial
Direct Sow in Spring However Direct Sow in Fall is Preferred
Partial Shade
Grass or Grass-like
Medium Tall (90 to 120 cm)(36 to 48")
Winter Hardy
Easy
Native of Canada
Poaceae
Elymus virginicus
Important wildlife food and cover plant.
Native nurse crop.
Shade tolerant native grass.
Component of many marginal wetland rejuvenation and regeneration mixes.

Many native plants produce seed that is viable but dormant. This means that while the seed has all the internal structures and nutrients required to germinate, the seed coat is so hard, water cannot pass through it and initiate germination. When seed is in this state, it is known as being dormant. Seed dormancy is a naturally selected for trait that protects the seed of many plants allowing them to safely overwinter and then be ready to sprout in more favourable conditions in spring.
The remedy to naturally breaking seed dormancy is typically the passing of time. In particular, seed overwintering outside and experiencing the natural freeze thaw cycles that occur in late fall, winter and early spring. To artificially break seed dormancy, sow the seed in a soil-less mix, water than chill in a refrigerator for a set period of time. This dormancy breaking process is called stratification.
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