Great foundation planting or for commercial Christmas tree planting.
Balsam fir is a native tree of Canada and grows to be a medium sized tree typically ranging from 15-20 m (50-66') in height. It makes a nice specimen tree for larger landscapes and is of considerable importance in the Christmas tree trade. Wood from balsam fir is typically used in pulp and paper production and to a lesser degree in dimensional lumber for framing. While balsam fir is a favourite browse tree of moose, deer typically leave it alone.130 seed/gram
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How To Grow
132 seeds/gram. Stratification of tree seed occurs naturally outdoors through the winter. Sowing tree seeds outdoors in the fall takes advantage of this natural effect. To stratify indoors, mix the seed with a moistened, sterile, peat based soil-less mix in a container, wrap in a ventilated bag, and place it in a refrigerator for 12 to 20 weeks. In the spring plant seeds into a sheltered spot outside to grow into seedlings. Transplant to permanent site when well rooted. Firs prefer a site in full sun with an open fertile soil.
Start Indoors or Sow Direct in Fall
Very Tall %2815 to 20 m%29%2850 to 66%27%29
Degree of Difficulty
Native of Canada
Christmas tree production.
Native plantings and habitat restoration.
Pulp and paper production.
Many plants produce seed that is viable but dormant. This means that while the seed has all the internal structures and nutrients required to germinate, the seed coat is so hard, water cannot pass through it and initiate germination. When seed is in this state, it is known as being dormant. Seed dormancy is a naturally selected for trait that protects the seed of many plants allowing them to safely overwinter and then be ready to sprout in more favourable conditions in spring.
The remedy to naturally breaking seed dormancy is typically the passing of time. In particular, seed overwintering outside and experiencing the natural freeze thaw cycles that occur in late fall, winter and early spring. To artificially break seed dormancy, sow the seed in a soil-less mix, water than chill in a refrigerator for a set period of time. This dormancy breaking process is called stratification.