Short, soft needles, found along lakes and streams.
This native tree of Canada grows in a wide range of conditions and soil types and can be found from southern Ontario all the way to the tree line in the Arctic. Trees in the wild can reach 25 m (80') or more and live for hundreds of years. In the landscape they generally grow to 15-20 m (50-66') high. White spruce is quite popular for windbreaks and for use in the Christmas tree trade. The wood is used for lumber and in pulp and paper production. Like many evergreens, it provides food and shelter for many birds and mammals. 280 seed/gram
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How To Grow
280 seeds/gram. Stratification of tree seed occurs naturally outdoors through the winter. Sowing tree seeds outdoors in the fall takes advantage of this natural effect. To stratify indoors, mix the seed with a moistened, sterile, peat based soil in a container, wrap in a ventilated bag, and place it in a refrigerator for 12 to 20 weeks. In the spring plant seeds into a sheltered spot outside to grow into seedlings. Transplant to permanent site when well rooted.
Many plants produce seed that is viable but dormant. This means that while the seed has all the internal structures and nutrients required to germinate, the seed coat is so hard, water cannot pass through it and initiate germination. When seed is in this state, it is known as being dormant. Seed dormancy is a naturally selected for trait that protects the seed of many plants allowing them to safely overwinter and then be ready to sprout in more favourable conditions in spring.
The remedy to naturally breaking seed dormancy is typically the passing of time. In particular, seed overwintering outside and experiencing the natural freeze thaw cycles that occur in late fall, winter and early spring. To artificially break seed dormancy, sow the seed in a soil-less mix, water than chill in a refrigerator for a set period of time. This dormancy breaking process is called stratification.