Red Maple is native to the eastern half of North America. It makes for a beautiful shade tree all season long with vivid red flowers in spring, solid green leaves through the summer and brilliant crimson foliage in the fall. Trees average between 15-20 m (50-66') in height when mature. Red Maple is a very site tolerant tree growing in almost any situation from dry sloped sites to flat lands with continually wet bog-like conditions. Due to this tolerance for a wide range of growing conditions, some sources consider Red Maple the most common tree in North America. 70 seed/gram
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How To Grow
70 seed per gram Stratification of tree seed occurs naturally outdoors through the winter. Sowing tree seeds outdoors in the fall takes advantage of this natural effect. To stratify indoors, mix the seed with a moistened, sterile, peat based soil in a container, wrap in a ventilated bag, and place it in a refrigerator for 12 to 20 weeks. In the spring plant seeds into a sheltered spot outside to grow into seedlings. Transplant to permanent site when well rooted.
Many plants produce seed that is viable but dormant. This means that while the seed has all the internal structures and nutrients required to germinate, the seed coat is so hard, water cannot pass through it and initiate germination. When seed is in this state, it is known as being dormant. Seed dormancy is a naturally selected for trait that protects the seed of many plants allowing them to safely overwinter and then be ready to sprout in more favourable conditions in spring.
The remedy to naturally breaking seed dormancy is typically the passing of time. In particular, seed overwintering outside and experiencing the natural freeze thaw cycles that occur in late fall, winter and early spring. To artificially break seed dormancy, sow the seed in a soil-less mix, water than chill in a refrigerator for a set period of time. This dormancy breaking process is called stratification.