Produces a swollen bulbous base with a pleasing anise-like flavour.
Florence Fennel produces a swollen bulbous base with a pleasing anise-like flavour. It is absolutely superb when used raw in salads or cooked in chicken dishes. Above the bulbous root, lacy carrot-like foliage grows to about 75 cm (2.5') high. Interestingly, many gardeners report that their younger children really appreciate fennel's irresistible aroma and taste. Some gardeners also report that fennel seems to inhibit bean and tomato growth if roots of these plants intermingle. Fennel, like dill, also attracts a range of beneficial insects to the garden. Annual
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How To Grow
280 seeds/gram Sow seed directly outdoors in a sunny site with average soil in mid to late May. Seed can also be started indoors in a soil-less mix 8 weeks before last frost date. Keep temperature at 21 C (70 F) for the 10-14 day germination period, then grow on at a slightly cooler temperature before hardening off and transplanting outside after the danger of frost has passed. Sow seed 3 mm (1/8") deep and 2.5 cm (1") apart then thin to 25-30 cm (10-12") apart in the garden. It is our experience that direct sowing works best with fennel.
Blooming Season Begins
Start Indoors for an Earlier Crop or Sow Direct
Days to Emergence
10 to 14
Medium %2860 to 80 cm%29%2824%22 to 32%22%29
Killed by Frost
Degree of Difficulty
Prior Experience Beneficial
Foeniculum vulgare azoricum
Used raw in salads
Beneficial insect plant
Cooked in many chicken dishes
Often braised and served as a side dish on its own