Balsam fir is a native tree of Canada and grows to be a medium sized tree typically ranging from 15-20 m (50-66′) in height. It makes a nice specimen for larger landscapes and is of considerable importance in the Christmas tree trade. Wood from balsam fir is typically used in pulp and paper production and to a lesser degree in dimensional lumber for framing. While balsam fir is a favourite browse tree of moose, deer typically leave it alone.
How to Grow
132 seed/gram. Stratification of tree seed occurs naturally outdoors through the winter. Sowing tree seeds outdoors in the fall takes advantage of this natural effect. To stratify indoors, mix the seed with a moistened, sterile, peat based soil-less mix in a container, wrap in a ventilated bag, and place it in a refrigerator for 12 to 20 weeks. In the spring plant the seed in a sheltered spot outside to grow into seedlings. Transplant to a permanent site when well rooted. Firs prefer a site in full sun with an open fertile soil.