Heirloom Vegetable. With 9,000 years of cultivation behind them, it is no wonder that there are a myriad of pepper varieties available to the home gardener – all have their origins in wild species native to Central and South America. Long Red Cayenne is moderately hot. Plants about 75 cm (2 1/2′ ) tall produce thin, tapered, hot peppers about 12.5 cm (6″) long and 1.25 cm (1/2″) thick. The fruit is often curled and twisted and ripens to a green/crimson red. Ideal for canning, pickling or drying! A very good all purpose hot chili. Suitable for use in eastern Asian cuisine. Scoville Heat Unit Rating – 4000.
Scoville Heat Units – The Scoville heat unit (SHU) rating is your guide to the perceived hotness of peppers caused by the active component capsaisin. The scale runs from about 2500 SHU for the mildest Anaheim to several million SHU. Our hottest is the Carribean Red Hot at 400,000 SHU.
How to Grow
160 seed/gram Start indoors mid February to late March. Use a soil-less growing mix. Sow seed 6 mm (1/4″) deep. Maintaining the growing medium at a temperature of 21 C (70 F) will enhance germination. Grow the seedlings under bright light and temperatures of 16-21 C (60-70 F) to produce strong, stocky plants. Transplant after hardening off, in late May to early June. Full sun and a well-drained soil is best. Space the plants 30 cm (12″) apart in rows spaced 60 cm (24″) apart. Control weeds and avoid high nitrogen fertilizers. Try harvesting the peppers at different maturities to experience a wider range of flavours and textures. Staking is recommended with most varieties. Note: Estimated days to maturity are based on counting the days after transplanting.