This native tree of Canada grows in a wide range of conditions and soil types and can be found from southern Ontario all the way to the tree line in the Arctic. Trees in the wild can reach 25 m (80′) or more and live for hundreds of years. In the landscape they generally grow to 15-20 m (50-66′) high. White spruce is quite popular for windbreaks and for use in the Christmas tree trade. The wood is used for lumber and in pulp and paper production. Like many evergreens, it provides food and shelter for many birds and mammals.
How to Grow
280 seed/gram. Stratification of tree seed occurs naturally outdoors through the winter. Sowing tree seeds outdoors in the fall takes advantage of this natural effect. To stratify indoors, mix the seed with a moistened, sterile, peat based growing medium in a container, wrap in a ventilated bag, and place it in a refrigerator for 12 to 20 weeks. In the spring plant the seed in a sheltered spot outside to grow into seedlings. Transplant to permanent site when well rooted.