How to Grow Peas from Seed

Think of fresh, sweet, and succulent baby green peas. Now make them steaming hot, add a tab of butter, and scatter some freshly ground black pepper over the top. The result is a delicious dish that goes with a variety of meals!

Culture: Peas are a cool weather crop and can be sown from early April through to mid-May when the soil temperature is between 10-16 C (50-60 F). In long season areas, they can also be sown in mid-August for a fall crop.

Peas grow best in areas with full sun and deep, well draining, organic soils with a pH range of 6.0 to 7.0. Add horticultural limestone to ‘sweeten’ acidic soils before planting. Sow seed in doubles rows spaced 25 cm (10″) apart with the seed 6.5 cm (2.5″) apart within the row and 1.25 – 2.5 cm (1 ½ – 1″) deep. Space each set of double rows 75 cm (2.5′) apart.

Peas can also be sown in blocks 120 cm (48″) square with the seeds spaced 6.5 cm (2.5″) apart within the block. Sow successive crops 10 – 14 days apart for extended harvests.

Keep the soil evenly moist during the germination period or the emergence of the plant will be spotty. You can stake or support row-planted bush varieties for easier picking. Climbing varieties definitely need to be supported. Avoid the use of high nitrogen fertilizers.

Once flowering starts, it is important to keep the plants well-watered to produce a good harvest. As the pods mature, pick daily to enjoy their peak flavour and to encourage more pods to form.

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